Frequently asked questions

About Plantation

What are the Kanigiri Location Aspects?


  • Proposed construction of new BG railway line between Nadikudi and Sri kalahasti stations, with a Railway Station work at Kanigiri under progress.
  • Establishment of Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam IIIT , RGUKT at Ballipalli, Kanigiri Mandal as per a Govt of AP order released on 13.01.2020. IIIT in Kanigiri
  • Donakonda, once an air field has been found suitable for locating the prestigious Peninsular Region Industrial Development Corridor (PRIDe Corridor) project by the Centre.
  • Proposed National Investment and Manufacturing Zone (NIMZ) in Prakasam District. The Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation’s had also announced its plans to develop Donakonda into world-class industrial park attracting big domestic and foreign players by offering 25,000 acres of developed land with 24 x7 power supply and water.
  • The NIMZ and Donakonda Industrial city coupled with Ramayapatnam port would definitely be grounded sooner than later to ensure significant progress in the years to come.
  • Kanigiri region comes under Veligonda Project basin




What is the Maintenance Cost?


Low maintenance and less water requirement is one of the key sustainable factor for cultivating Raktchandhan. The seedlings are incubated for a period of 5 months prior to plantation, thereby reducing water requirement and maintenance cost.

Per one hectare of plantation an estimate of INR 1.50 lakhs goes towards plantation maintenance besides Plantation security costs.

It is an investment which yields returns higher than Insurance Policy, Bank Interest or Stocks. Low investment and high returns compared to any investment policy. It is perfectly suitable for individuals and also for companies as corporate social responsibility activities.




Give me examples of Private buyer in India?


Yoga guru Baba Ramdev has emerged as the biggest buyer of the much-sought after red sanders in the country . In the recent auction conducted by the Andhra Pradesh government, Ramdev's Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar, bought 706 tonnes of red sanders for Rs 207 crore. In a seller's market dominated by the Chinese, Ramdev is perhaps the only domestic buyer of the prized wood. Grade C, purchased by Ramdev's firm, went for about Rs 29 lakh per tonne. While it isn't clear for what medicinal purpose Patanjali Yogpeeth uses red sanders, the wood is much sought after in China and east Asian countries as a herbal aphrodisiac. Read more here: https://www.raktchandhan.com/media




How much yield can be expected per tree after 12-15 years?


As per the estimation by "The Herbal Folklore Research Centre in Tirupati, India", that at least 300 - 500 kg of heartwood per tree can be obtained after 12-15 years under organic and organized farming techniques.

However, the yield from each tree depends on the variety of the plant, type of soil, climatic conditions, water resource and all the more, best cultivation practices.

Under normal conditions, inside the forest the raktchandhan tree takes 20 years to give 300-500kgs of heartwood as per the Research Center inputs. Being a commercial plantation, an average yield time to give optimum return on investment from the tree would be 12-15 years.




How do you determine ideal soil types?


The Kanigiri (Kanakagiri, in ancient times) area falls directly in Veligandla Mountain Ranges and these lands have ideal soil type. We have confirmed the lands by analysing the following factors. Soil types (the proportion of clay, loam and gravel as well as rock, which affects moisture holding capacity) Soil chemistry (the pH, and others). Soil nutrient levels (phosphorus, nitrogen and trace elements)




How many acres of plantations do you currently maintain?


Parvatham Plantation Developers is currently maintaining 97 acres of planted sites and has another 130 acres under soil preparation. The plantation requires one year of crop holiday to let the chemicals used in the form of persticides & fertilizers for previous crops. The soil has to be thoroughly tested before and after soil preparation to analyze the readiness.




What is the plant type?


The plants are brought from forest genetics & breeding centers from Karnataka and Mahanandi Nursery. The seedlings are incubated for a period of 5 months prior to plantation, thereby reducing water requirement and maintenance cost. The plant is endemic type for the Veligandla - Seshachalam ranges.




How are you selecting the plantation sites?


All the sites of Parvatham Plantation Developers are selected after properly studying the below threats & challenges:

  • Soil types (the proportion of clay, loam and gravel as well as rock, which affects moisture holding capacity)
  • Soil chemistry (the pH, and others).
  • Soil nutrient levels (phosphorus, nitrogen and trace elements).
  • Weed burdens
  • Disease burdens




What is the Plantation plan for 2020?


By March 2020, the ongoing work for constructing a Farm House in one of our plantation sites for the comfort & convenience of our members. We are setting up a 200 cows capacity 'Goshala' for obtaing organic nutrients from cows. All the plantations will have a watch man quarters to accomodate the increasing staff in Security. The above are some of the major plans with respect to plantations.




How many years will it take for yield?


The age of a Red Sandal tree is very important factor when estimated the expected yield. A single tree can give anywhere between 500kgs to 1500 kgs 'heart wood' depending upon the soil, environment and most impoirtantly age of the tree. As per Forest Officials a Red Sandal tree in wild conditions inside the forest takes 20-25 years and for giving an expected yield of 500 to 1000 kgs per tree. However, for commercial plantation waiting for 25 years for getting the returns on the investment is not viable considering several cost factors. For getting a minimum of 300 kgs to 500 kgs of 'heart wood' from a Red Sandal tree it would take minimum 12 to 15 years and the returns from the yield as per today's market rate would be an excellent return on investment. If you wait for 25 years the yield might go upto 750-1000 kgs but the additional wait of 10 years could also give you another round of plantation whoch would give similar yield expectancy in another 3-5 years. So commercially looking at the expected yield and number of years, farmers & plantation owners choose to cultivate using organic farming using "jeevamritam etc., for 12 years and get the minimum guaranteed yield from each tree which would be multiple times over their investment.




What is Soil Preparation for Red Sanders plantation?


The plantation requires one year of crop holiday to let the chemicals used in the form of persticides & fertilizers for previous crops. The soil has to be thoroughly tested before and after soil preparation to analyze the readiness.




How is Soil Preparation done before planting the tree?


The land is ploughed and harrowed repeatedly and soil is brought to a fine tilth. Pits of size 45 cm × 45 cm × 45 cm are dug at a spacing of 3 m × 3 m. The pits are filled with top soil mixed thoroughly with 10–15 kg farm-yard manure and 10 g linden dust to protect the planting stock from soil-borne fungi.

Organic Nutrients are used for better results.




What are the best irrigation practices for Red Sanders Plantation?


The plants are irrigated immediately after transplantation. Thereafter, irrigation is done on alternate days up to 15 days. After the seedlings get established, irrigation may be done at an interval of 10–15 days, depending on the weather conditions.

Red Sanders does not need much water and grows well in dry & decidious land formations.





About The Tree

How long does it take Red Sanders tree to mature?


The maturity period for Red Sandalwood trees in wild conditions in forest is 20-25 years however under organized farming the maturity period can be expected in 12-15 years. The large scale Red Sander trees can be grown through best farming practices under the supervision of subject specialists to get high quality heart wood.




What is Raktchandhan?


Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red sandalwood, Raktchandhan, and saunderswood, is a species of Pterocarpus endemic to the Southern Eastern Ghats mountain range of South India in the Seshachalam mountain ranges of Chittoor, Nellore, Prakasam, Kadapa and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh. This tree is valued for the rich red color of its wood. The wood is not aromatic. The tree is not to be confused with the aromatic Santalum sandalwood trees that grow natively in South India.




What is the primary distribution area for Red Sanders?


Distribution of Red Sanders

Red sander occurs in the forest formation which is classified as “5A/C3 Southern Tropical Dry Decidous Forests” as per champion and Seth Classification and falls in the eco-terrestrial region IM1301 Deccan Thorn Scub Forests and as well as IM0201 Central Deccan Plateau Dry Deciduous Forests. It generally found at altitudes of 150-900m. It grows on dry, hilly, often rocky ground, and occasionally found on precipitous hill sides also.

It prefers lateritic and gravelly soil and cannot tolerate water logging. In natural habitat the tree experiences hot, dry climate with normal rainfall of 88-105 cm received from north-east and south-west monsoons. Red Sanders has a highly restrictive distribution in the South Eastern portion of Indian peninsula to which it is endemic.

The Palakonda and Seshachalam hill ranges of Cuddapah-Chittoor districts of state of Andhra Pradesh are its principal geographical range which extends into the neighboring Anantapur, Kurnool, Prakasam and Nellore Districs of Andhra Pradesh. These forests are found in the inner slopes on Veligonda hills of Tirupati and Srikalahasti ranges.




What is the ideal soil type required for Red Sander farming?


Raktchandhan requires well-drained red soils with ‘graveled loam’ which is more suitable for the cultivation of Red Sander Trees. It grows on dry, hilly, often rocky ground, and occasionally found on precipitous hill sides also. It prefers lateritic and gravelly soil and cannot tolerate water logging.




How do you determine ideal soil types?


The Kanigiri (Kanakagiri, in ancient times) area falls directly in Veligandla Mountain Ranges and these lands have ideal soil type. We have confirmed the lands by analysing the following factors. Soil types (the proportion of clay, loam and gravel as well as rock, which affects moisture holding capacity) Soil chemistry (the pH, and others). Soil nutrient levels (phosphorus, nitrogen and trace elements)




How much yield can be expected per tree after 12-15 years?


As per the estimation by "The Herbal Folklore Research Centre in Tirupati, India", that at least 300 - 500 kg of heartwood per tree can be obtained after 12-15 years under organic and organized farming techniques.

However, the yield from each tree depends on the variety of the plant, type of soil, climatic conditions, water resource and all the more, best cultivation practices. Due to its slow growth and rarity, furniture made from Red Sandalwood is difficult to find and can be expensive. It has been one of the most prized woods for millennia.




How many years will it take for yield?


The age of a Red Sandal tree is very important factor when estimated the expected yield. A single tree can give anywhere between 500kgs to 1500 kgs 'heart wood' depending upon the soil, environment and most impoirtantly age of the tree. As per Forest Officials a Red Sandal tree in wild conditions inside the forest takes 20-25 years and for giving an expected yield of 500 to 1000 kgs per tree. However, for commercial plantation waiting for 25 years for getting the returns on the investment is not viable considering several cost factors. For getting a minimum of 300 kgs to 500 kgs of 'heart wood' from a Red Sandal tree it would take minimum 12 to 15 years and the returns from the yield as per today's market rate would be an excellent return on investment. If you wait for 25 years the yield might go upto 750-1000 kgs but the additional wait of 10 years could also give you another round of plantation whoch would give similar yield expectancy in another 3-5 years. So commercially looking at the expected yield and number of years, farmers & plantation owners choose to cultivate using organic farming using "jeevamritam etc., for 12 years and get the minimum guaranteed yield from each tree which would be multiple times over their investment.




Does Red Sandal need need a Host Plant? Is it a Parasatic Tree?


No, Red Sandal is not a parasatic tree. Meaning it does not require a Host Plant. Whereas White Sandal wood tree, S. album requires a host plant, as its roots that seek out and tap the root systems of surrounding trees for water and nutrients. Red Sandal is a wild tree which requires care & attention only till the plant is settled and is growing. The minimum age at which the tree becomes completly independed is after 3 years. Red sandal requires very minimal human intervention.




What are the different trade names of the Red Sanders Tree?


The popularity of the species in trade is also illustrated by the fact that despite a very limited geographical distribution, large number of trade names in various national and international languages are attributed to it:

Agaru (kan),

Agarugandhamu (tel),

Almug (eng), Atti (tam),

Bois de Santal rouge (fre),

Chandana (mar),

Honne (kan),

Kempugandha Chekke (kan),

Lalchandan (hin),

Lalchandan (ben),

Leno de Sandalo rojo (spa),

Lignum Santali rubrum (pha),

Lignum Santalinum rubrum (pha),

Patrangam (mal),

Pterocarpi lignum (pha),

Rakta Chandan (hin),

Rakta Chandan (ben),

Rakta Gandhamu (tel),

Raktacandana (san),

Raktacandanah (san),

Raktachandanam (san),

Raktachandan (ori),

Raktachandana (san),

Ratanjali (guj),

Red Sandalwood

(eng),

Red Sanders (eng),

Red Sanderswood (eng),

Rotes Sandelholz (ger),

Rotsandelholz (ger),

Sanalho vermelho (por),

Santali lignum rubri (pha),

Saunderswood (eng)

Sivappu Chandanam (tam),

Tambada (mar), Tilaparnni

(mal),

Yerra Chandanamu (tel),

Zitan (chi)

( From Green 1995, IUCN 2004, Lange & Schipmann 1999 as quoted in Mulliken et al 2008).




Is there a problem with the adulteration and falsification of the wood?


There is a problem with the adulteration and falsification of plant material in the P. santalinus market. The heartwood of Adenanthera pavonina Willd. (Mimosaceae), known as ‘Ranjana’ and ‘Raktakambal’ in West Bengal and ‘Bari Gumchi’ in the northern parts of India, is often sold as a fake substitute for P. santalinus, while artificially colored wood shavings and the sawdust of some other trees are also sold on the market as cheap substitutes (Botanical Survey of India 2012).




How has the Community Forest Management Programme helped Red Sanders?


Since last one decade most of the degraded areas have been rescrubbed with the implementation of Community forest management programme through more than 7100 Vana Samrakshana Samithis. Red Sanders (pride of Andhra Pradesh) is growing in the Cuddapah, Chittoor in large extents and in limited extent in the Prakasam and Nellore District. This species of wood is found, only in the A.P. State.




How was Red Sanders Trade in History?


Observing the way it was being exploited TA Whitehead, a Forest Officer in Cuddapah wrote during the first decade of twentieth century that “not only the stems and branches but even the roots were extracted and is to be wondered at, that the tree has survived total extinction”. This observation has relevance even in the present days too. As mentioned earlier, the demand for the wood is more in international market. Initially, in sixteenth century it was exported to European countries as a source for the natural dye which subsequently reduced as the synthetic dye came into the market, but Japanese merchant in 1931 approached the Forest Department of Andhra Pradesh, rekindling the wood value in the international market. Even though, P. santalinus/ Red sanders has been documented in China by the Jin dynasty scholar Cui Bao (265-340 AD), it was regarded as a rare and precious lignum as expensive as gold.




What is the Future of Red Sanders/Raktchandhan?


Raktchandhan/P. santalinus is a resilient species and its survival amidst over exploitation from the past few centuries indicates that it is necessary to seriously think about its revival strategies. One of the best ways of conserving Red Sanders is not only to raise large scale seedling based plantations in its natural habitats but also in far away regions having similar growing conditions which would ensure that genetic material is safe for posterity. These plantations can also act as a source of plant material for initiating further tree improvement strategies. While growing Red Sanders outside the forest area, it is paramount to educate the tree growers to consider the gestation of the crop. Usually, it is a tendency among growers to compare red sanders tree growing with other agricultural crops, but on a long term basis the yield and the monetary benefits accrued by growing such valuable red sanders tree are definitely high.





About Security

What are the threats and how are they eliminated?


Parvatham Plantations sites are situated very close to the industrially developing Kanigiri town and its surroundings. The factors that elimate serious threats that the precious wood is prone to are: 1. Plantation Sites Situated close to the Kanigiri Town and the Villages in which the lands comes under " eliminates" the risk of illegal felling & smuggling of trees. The villages are closely located to the plantation sites on the internal farm roads for movement of tractors & other field equipment. Regular usage of those lanes by the farmers & moving public " eliminates" the risk greatly. 2. Tresspassing is "eliminated" by: a. appointing Security guards. Each of our plantation site is having a watchman quarter for guards working in shifts. b. solar-fencing of the entire plantation site, which will be strengthened in future by laying 'police fencing or such efficient methods. 3. The plantation sites will be applied for registration of trees in the name of the registered owners of the units in the 3rd year from the Divisional Forest Office. All the plantation sites Registered will be under the surveillance of the Forest Department. 4. Disease & Pest Control. Red Sanders are very strong, robust and hard trees which have very minimal threat from diseases & pests. The tree is grown in wild conditions with 35- 40 centigrade temperatures in dry & decidious, gravely lands with low to minimal water requirement and with very less human intervention. Our Plantations are cultivated using organic nutrients for enhancing the health & growth of the tree. 5. Water Resources: All the Plantation sites have adequate bore wells with equipped Drip Irrigation mechanism. As the tree requires less water, watering of the trees is done as per scheduled maintenance plan.





About Legality

Is Raktchandhan Plantation Legal?


Yes! Raktchandhan / Red Sanders is totally Legal plantation. The species is removed from the list of endangered species in 2008, allowing private landowners to plant the tree. Speaking to The Hindu , Chief Conservator of Forests (Tirupati Wildlife Circle), Mr. P.V. Chalapathi Rao said there were somany fallacies among the public about the commercial exploitation of red sanders plantations. The Forest Department has embarked on a massive plan of action to remove the “meaningless” phobia of red sandersplantation among farmers and planters. Read the newspaper clippings on Red Sanders here: https://www.raktchandhan.com/media




Is there a Legal statement on Red Sanders Cultivation?


In the year 2008, with Government of India amending its act and giving permissions to cultivate Red Sanders has opened doors for individuals and co-operate bodies to relish the rich outcome of cultivating this wild crop. In 2015, The environment ministry has agreed with the state government’s proposal to keep Red Sanders (red sandalwood) out of the ScheduleVI of Wild Life Protection Act, 1972, arguing that this would discourage the cultivation of the rare plant species. Read the Newspaper article title "Environment ministry keeps Red Sanders out of WildlifeProtection Act".




Is Selling of Red Sanderswood to private parties Legal?


Not completly Legal. Sample Analysis & Verification had to be done by the Forest Dept. We require permission from AP Forest Department to cut the trees. The permission to cut the Tress would also be received on the Plantation Unit Owners Name. Once the approval is taken the trees will be harvested and transported to AP Forest Dept, Central Warehouse at Tirupathi. Through e-Tendering system the lots would be auctioned at specified price by the AP Forest Department. Read the recent rates fixed by the Dept here, " AP Govt to invite global tenders' https://www.raktchandhan.com/media




Do we need to inform the Forest Department before planting the Trees?


Speaking to The Hindu , Chief Conservator of Forests (Tirupati Wildlife Circle), Mr. P.V. Chalapathi Rao said there were somany fallacies among the public about the commercial exploitation of red sanders plantations. “They have formulated wrong opinions over the years that growing red sanders is a crime, or its trade is prohibited and involves criminal action by police and forest departments. Farmers and private planters should realise that just by paying a user charge of Rs. 10 or 20, they can grow red sanders and sell them at any price of their choice to anyone anywhere. It will
be like growing any other agriculture crop,” he said. Read More at: https://www.raktchandhan.com/media




What is the encouragement from the Govt?


The AP Bio-diversity Board wants to encourage red sanders farming so as to take the burden off the forests and discourage rampant smuggling of the precious red sanders logs, said R. Hampaiah, Chairman, AP State Biodiversity Board.
With a market value of more than Rs. 25 lakh per tonne, the red sanders tree takes about 20 years to grow to its average height of eight metres to 11 metres in wild and 12-15 years in organized farming that gives min. avg yield per tree. “There is a very high demand for red sanders in countries like China because of which smugglers have been destroying the forests with red sanders trees. These smugglers are not just content with smuggling red sanders as there have also been instances of animal poaching by them. Legally, growing and supplying red sanders will cut down this activity to a large extent,” said Mr. Hampaiah.




What is the process of Applying for Property Mark Registration of Red Sandal Trees?


As per the Forest Act, Every application for the registration of a property mark in respect of red sanders wood, as the case may be, to be extracted from private lands within the State shall be accompanied by a statement in Form III/Form IV in which all the particulars therein prescribed shall be furnished to the Divisional Forest Officer concerned and also by six fascimiles of the mark proposed. Form III/Form IV shall be in writing and shall be prepared by the applicant. After the receipt of the application referred to in sub-rule 3 (1) , the Divisional Forest Officer or the subordinate authority authorised by him, shall, if he is satisfied that the Government have no interest in the trees, inspect trees, as soon as possible and with the consent of the owner of the land affix the departmental hammer mark on each tree after blazing it at breast height from ground level and issue written permission for the extraction of the trees and grant a certificate of registration of the property mark in Form V for the transport of the trees to a central place in the nearest village for final clearance if to desired by the applicant.




What is a Property Mark?


The Ownership of all red sanders wood grown and moved with in any area in the State shall be indicated by a 'property mark' affixed in the manner provided below: (in clause (b) of the act). Property marks shall be registered at a Divisional Forest Office. In accordance with the provisions of sub-rule (3) a Property Mark would indicate, if the marks relate to red sanders wood extracted from private lands within the area; and In accordance with the provisions of sub-rule (4) a Property Mark would indicate, if the marks relate to red sanders wood, as the case may be, other than that extracted from private lands within the area. A nominal user fee shall be charged in respect of registration or renewal of a property mark by the Forest Office.




What is the process of cutting the tree after registration of Property mark?


Every uprooted Red Sandal tree bearing heart wood shall be cleaned upto its heart wood limits. In so cleaning the uprooted Red Sander tree, the departmental hammer mark at the breast height shall be left in tact and ring of bark and sapwood 5 to 7 centimetres wide surrounding the departmental hammer marks shall be left uncut. Which means that, Red sanders wood tree shall be felled so as to retain the hammer mark on the stool affixed under clause(ii).




How is a Serial Number given to the Red Sandal Wood Tree?


Every Red Sander tree that is uprooted and cleaned shall bear its distinct serial number which shall be written legibly in tar any where on it if it has not been cut up into pieces or when it has been cut up into roots and pieces or billets, all parts of such tree so cut up shall bear at their cut ends, the original serial number assigned to the tree so as to admit of identification and check subsequently by the Divisional Forest Officer or his subordinates. The original Serial Number is very important for moving the wood to Central Red Sanders Depots. auction.




What is the process of uprooting & inspection of the red sander tree?


The exact situation of the land where each of the Red Sandal wood trees containing heart wood was extracted shall be indicated on the ground by a stout numbered peg which shall be well-driven home in the pit formed in the process of uprootal; the number on the peg being the same as that written on the wood concerned. Such pegs shall be retained until such time as the Divisional Forest Officer or his subordinate authorised by him checks the Red Sandal wood and verifies the locality of the fellings.




How is the red sander heartwood weighed and the results recorded?


The heart wood obtained from each of the Red sander trees shall thereafter be weighed and the result recorded in the statement in Form VI [xxx] with an abstract in the remarks column showing the total number of red sander wood trees extracted and cleaned, their total out-turn expressed in number of pieces (roots, billets separately,) and the aggregate of all pieces in respect of which the registration of the property mark is desired. The midgerth measurements and the length of each stem and billet obtained from each red sanders wood tree so cut shall be recorded in the statement in Form VII indicating the number of billets obtained from each of such red sanders wood trees with an abstract in the remarks column showing the total number of trees extracts and their total out-turn expressed in number of billets as well as in cubical contents in respect of which the registration mark is desired. Form VI/Form VII shall on application be supplied by the concerned Divisional Forest Officer having jurisdiction over the area on payment of fee fixed by the Government, from time to time. No form other than that supplied by the Divisional Forest Officer shall be issued.




How is the application for moving of Red Sanderwood processed?


After receipt of the application for the removal/moving of the red sanders wood, as the case may be, with the statement in Form VI/Form VII containing all the particulars wherein prescribed is received, the Divisional Forest Officer or any Subordinate Officer authorised by him in this behalf shall as soon as possible: "inspect and identify the red sanders wood", as the case may be, by verifying the girth and the departmental hammer mark put on the standing tree and by assembling all parts of each tree and satisfying himself that the wood is of the same tree that was hammer marked standing and that the details furnished by the applicant in Form VI/Form VII are correct and without error and thereafter mark all sandal wood or the red sanders wood, as the case may be, at the both ends with the Divisional pass hammer. Thereafter, the Divisional Forest Officer shall, subject to provisions of sub-clause (b), grant a certificate of registration in From V.




What details are required by Divisional Forest Officer for granting Permission?


The information as to the source of origin of the heartwood and the quantity of red sanders wood, period of felling, agency, routes, depots, destination and such other details regarding the method of felling, trading or working as the Divisional Officer may think necessary.




What is Divisional Pass Hammer?


All the red sanders wood, as the case may be in respect of which a 'property mark is registered' under this sub-rule shall be marked with the 'Divisional Pass Hammer' by the Divisional Forest Officer or by the subordinate authorised by him to do so. The pass hammer used on the red sanders wood timber is to be clearly indicated on the permits.




What is the Validity period of a Property Mark?


Date upto which and description and quantity of red sanders wood for which registration of property mark has effect- The registration and each renewal of registration of a property mark shall be valid only in respect of the description and quantity of the red sanders wood entered in Form V and be in force only from the date of such registration or renewal until the first day of April following unless otherwise stated.




What is Exemption of small quantities of red sanders wood carried by a bonafide traveller or cut and carried by ryots for their own use?


Red Sandalwood cut and carried by a ryot for his personal use from trees growing on the patta lands of the said ryot or of any neighbouring ryots from whom title to such red sandal wood is derived, provided that he obtains a certificate of title from the village munisff or village patwari and that the quantity cut and carried on each occasion does not exceed 10Kgs. in weight; Red sanders wood fashioned into dolls, images toys and vessels and idols of worship of fancy, provided the weight does not exceed 10kgs. Red sanders wood cut and carried by a ryot for own use from trees, the quantity cut and carried on each occasion does not exceed one log 4.50 metres in length 40 Cms. in girth at the butt end.




Is Red sanders is now free of export restrictions?


Yes! All red sanders farmers, who weren’t allowed to export their produce as the foreign trade policy prohibited it, now can. The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), an agency of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, on February 18, 2019 revised its export policy to permit its export if it is obtained from cultivated land. “This is a great step taken by the DGFT which will benefit red sanders farmers". In 2010, when the CITES was planning to suspend trade of red sanders obtained from India, the government submitted a Non-Detriment Finding (NDF) report saying it must be allowed to export from cultivated sources. So in 2012, India got an export quota on red sanders from CITES, under which the country could export red sanders obtained from “artificially propagated” sources (grown on farms).





About Medicinal Usages

Is Raktchandhan used in Diabetes Treatment?


A recent study suggests that the active fraction of ethanolic extract of bark of the P. santalinus possess the anti- hyperglycemic and anti hyperlipidemic active principle(s) which act by improving insulin secretion and alterations in the carbohydrate and lipid metabolism (Kondeti et al 2010). Thus it could have a significant role in the treatment of diabetes.




What is the Historical importance of Raktchandhan?


In Hinduism, this wood has been traditionally used as a sacred wood. The priests extensively use this wood on many of their rituals in temples. It is integral to rituals and ceremonies, to mark religious utensils and to decorate the icons of the deities.




How is Raktchandhan used in Folklore / Tribal Medicines?


The heartwood has various uses in traditional medicines and is popular for the treatment of diabetes apart from other ailments. The wood paste is applied externally specially for healing various skin diseases and blemishes. Yerukula and Irula tribes of Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh use whole plant of P. santalinus for ulcer treatment. For treating acute jaundice, about one hundred grams of powdered stem bark is boiled in 500 ml of water for 3-4 hours till the volume is reduced to half the original content. The solution is cooled and then ten grams of jaggery is added and made into pills, two to three pills is administered every day for ten days. Malamalasar tribe of Perambikulam wildlife sanctuary in Kerala considers wood paste as a blood purifier, for curing skin diseases and poisonous affections. Various tribes in coastal Karnataka use Red Sanders as an anti inflammatory for the treatment of Herpes.




Which countries have more demand for Red Sanders of Andhra Pradesh?


The Red Sander Wood grown in the Five Districts of Andhra Pradesh is of high demand in China, Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Canada, USA, UK, Singapore, Malaysia and Gulf countries.




What are the chemiocal constituents of Raktchandhan tree?


Bark, heartwood and sapwood contain santalin A and B, isopterocarpolone, pterrocarptriol, isipterocarpene, pterocarpdiolone, pterocarpol, acylolealonic aldehyde and acetyloleanolic acid.





Parvatham Ecoforestry Pvt Ltd
Kanigiri | Prakasam District | South India |
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